Currently, diabetes affects more than 246 million people in the world and more than half of this number includes female cases. Already declared an epidemic, studies suggest that the rate of diabetes is likely to rise to 380 million, if not more, by 2025.
Diabetes in Women
Diabetes is one such disease that has to be controlled. There is a lot of scope to control this disease, though it still remains one of the leading causes of concerns for feminine diseases and disorders.
For women, diabetes can lead to sexual problems; anxiety and depression; gastroparesis (a condition when the stomach slows emptying); polycystic ovarian syndrome that affects fertility; and others.
As per the estimation of the American Diabetes Association, 11.5 million American women, aged 20 years and older, have diabetes. Astonishingly, 25 percent of this populace is unaware of their condition.
Types of Diabetes
Type 1 diabetes commonly affects the younger population. It can be diagnosed only when the body fails to produce adequate insulin.
Type 2 diabetes is more commonly diagnosed in adults when the body fails to produce adequate insulin or does not react to insulin properly.
Gestational diabetes affects women during pregnancy. It affects women when their hormones from the placenta hinder the access to the body’s insulin reserves.
There are 3 tests used to diagnose diabetes in people:
- The fasting plasma glucose
- The oral glucose tolerance test
- The random plasma glucose test
All these tests are done to determine whether or not the blood sugar levels are normal.
Factors That Increase Risk for Diabetes in Women
Women face a greater risk of developing diabetes and related complications due to certain trends like cultural, social as well economic factors.
According to national surveys, women living in poverty are twice more likely to have diabetes that goes undiagnosed.
Women working in smaller companies with fewer opportunities for growth face an increasing challenging life, balancing family responsibilities and work. They have higher risk of being diabetic.
Being overweight or obese, lack of activity, lack of proper healthcare facilities and medical history are causes included.
According to the Diabetes Prevention Program, study conducted on pre-diabetics revealed that it is possible to reduce the risk of having diabetes by exercising regularly and losing body weight by up to 5% to 7%, as per the National Diabetes Information Clearinghouse report.
Diabetes, if undiagnosed or under-treated, can cause chronic complications, such as heart failure, eye problems, nerve damage and kidney damage.